The Journal Gazette
Sunday, November 10, 2019 1:00 am

Impeachment joins curriculum

House inquiry prompts history lessons, debates

Associated Press

BEAR CREEK, N.C. – The 10th graders in Aedrin Albright's civics class at a rural North Carolina high school had done their homework, and now it was time to decide: Should President Donald Trump be impeached?

The students dragged their chairs across the room, those who opposed removing Trump from office on one side, those in favor on the other. Undecided students were in the middle.

“Your job is to try to persuade your classmates in here to come to your side, to your understanding,” Albright told the teenagers at Chatham Central High School.

The House impeachment inquiry into Trump's dealings with Ukraine has become a teachable moment in classrooms around the country as educators incorporate the events often hundreds of miles away in Washington into their lesson plans.

They are using the debate in Congress to teach students about the Constitution and presidential power; provide history lessons about earlier impeachment cases; and hold mock votes that mirror the divisions in U.S. politics.

In Albright's first class on impeachment in October, students read articles and then drew posters explaining the process without getting into the politics. That changed Tuesday, when the students took sides, coincidentally as House Democrats were releasing transcripts of closed-door testimony in the impeachment probe.

Like many members of Congress who will decide the Republican president's fate, most of the students in Albright's class had already made up their minds and wouldn't be swayed. The tally at the start of class Tuesday: 15 against impeachment, three for and 10 undecided.

The six precincts in Bear Creek, where the school is located, voted almost 55% for Trump in the 2016 presidential election, while Chatham County went for Democrat Hillary Clinton.

“The Democrats have just been slamming Trump and trying to find every little thing, ever since he got into office,” student Bryce Hammer said. “Just to try and get a reason just to kick him out and impeach him.”

Arguing for impeachment, Makizah Cotton said Congress needs to keep a close watch on Trump.

“I'm not saying he's a monarch or anything,” she said. “But they (the founding fathers) knew one day maybe a monarch would happen. And they don't want that. So, I think that we shouldn't let anything go. And that's with any president.”

Emma Preston was undecided. “How many months does he have until the next election? Not that many,” she said. “So, if we're just going to sit here and have this argument until the next election, it's a waste of time. There shouldn't be an impeachment process going on when there's about to be a reelection.”

On the day in September when the House said it would begin a formal impeachment inquiry, teacher Mark Westpfhal at the Capitol Hill Gifted and Talented School in St. Paul, Minnesota, put together a three-day “mini-unit” impeachment for his seventh grade American studies class.

He required his students to differentiate between what they believe and what they know. The school is located in “an extremely liberal region,” he said, and most of his students support Trump's impeachment and removal from office.

They were “quick to argue that he has done so many illegal things, but when I asked them to describe the things he has done and how those things violated the law, they slowed down a little,” said Westpfhal, who often brings current events into his lesson plans. “We discussed how emotion and partisanship can dictate our views.”

For teachers who want to steer clear of the controversy and politics of impeachment, “focusing on the history just feels really safe,” said Emma Humphries, chief education officer at iCivics, a nonprofit that provides educational online games and lesson plans to promote civics education. “It's also critical for students understanding what impeachment is,” she said.

Those discussions could include the impeachment cases against Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton.

Still, she's a “huge advocate” for discussing controversial issues in class.

By the time the debate in Albright's class ended, the anti-impeachment side had attracted three more students, while one student had joined her pro-impeachment classmates. Six students remained undecided.

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